What is reproductive and sexual health?
Reproductive and sexual health is the physical, mental and social well-being related to the human reproductive system. To protect your reproductive and sexual health and any decisions made in this area, reproductive rights include access to information about reproductive and sexual health and access to sexual and reproductive health care as provided by law.
What are reproductive rights?
Reproductive rights encompass the following aspects:
- your right to be informed about the state of your reproductive health
- your right to make any decisions related to your reproductive health freely
- your right to equally access and receive necessary reproductive health care, including medical assistance during pregnancy and child birth, as well as in the termination of pregnancy and sterilisation
- your right to artificial reproduction
- your right to donate your sperm or ovum
- your right to medical data protection
Restrictions on your reproductive rights interfere with the human right to a private life and/or the human right to health, but such interference will not always result in a violation of these rights.
Reproductive rights & Human rights
Your reproductive and sexual health, as well as any decisions you may wish to take in that regard, are closely linked to your private life. The right to make decisions about your body and health is an aspect of your personal autonomy or physical integrity. Respect for a private life also includes the right to establish and to develop relationships with others, especially in the emotional and sexual field. This can be linked further to your right to choose whether to become a parent or not.
Articles 3, 4, 5
Articles 8, 14
10 April 2007
3 November 2011
14 December 2010
24 June 2014
30 October 2012
16 December 2010